Please read the following information carefully:
This website uses its own cookies as well as cookies added by third parties, in order to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services adapted to the needs and interests of each one.
In what we call “modern web” or “web 2.0”, cookies play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet.
Customization of certain settings such as: the language in which the site is viewed, date and time, options storage/settings (including storing them), and keep older preferences by accessing various buttons/features.
Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient or more accessible to users.
Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included on certain pages to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience.
1. WHAT IS A COOKIE?
An “Internet Cookie” (also known as a “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user accessing the Internet.
The cookie is sent by a request issued by the web server on which the site is hosted, to the user’s browser (Ex: Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, etc.) and is completely “passive”, in the sense that it does not contain software, viruses, or spyware, nor can it access the information on the user’s hard drive.
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or the value of the cookie that is uniquely associated with the domain that is hosted by the site that sent it to the user’s browser. . Moreover, the duration of the existence of a cookie is determined and only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again, and only when the user returns to the site associated with that webserver.
Cookies do not require personal information in order to be used, nor can they personally identify internet users.
2. TYPES OF COOKIES
- Cookies specific to an online session
Web pages have no memory. A user navigating from one web page to another will be considered by the website as a new user. Session-specific cookies usually store an identifier that allows the user to move from one web page to another without having to enter their credentials each time (username, password, etc.). Such cookies are widely used by commercial sites, for example, to keep track of products added by a user in the shopping cart. When the user visits a specific page in a product catalog and selects certain products, the cookie retains the selected products and adds them to the shopping cart, which will contain all the selected products when the user wishes to leave the page.
Session-specific cookies are stored in the user’s computer memory only during an Internet browsing session and are automatically deleted when the browser is closed. They can also become inaccessible if the session has been inactive for a certain period of time (usually 20 minutes).
- Permanent, persistent or stored cookies
Persistent cookies are stored on the user’s computer and are not deleted when the browsing session is closed. These cookies may remember the user’s preferences for a particular website so that they can be used in other web browsing sessions.
In addition to authentication information, persistent cookies may also contain details about the language and theme selected on a particular website, site menu preferences, favorite pages within a site, and so on. When the user first accesses a site, it is displayed by default. Subsequently, the user selects a set of preferences, which are then retained by cookies and used when the user accesses the site again. For example, a website offers content in several languages. On the first visit, the user selects the English language, and the site retains this preference in a cookie. When the user visits the site again, the content will be automatically displayed in English.
Persistent cookies can be used to identify individual users and thus analyze the online behavior of users. They can provide information about the number of visitors to a website, the (average) time spent on a given page, and the overall performance of a website. These cookies are configured to track the activities of users for a long period of time, in some cases even years.
- Flash cookies
If the user has Adobe Flash installed on their computer, small files may be stored in that computer’s memory by websites that contain Flash items (such as videos). These files are known as ‘local shared objects’ or ‘flash cookies’ and may be used for the same purposes as regular cookies.
When regular cookies are deleted via browser functions, flash cookies are not affected. Thus, a website that uses flash cookies may recognize a user on a new visit, if the data specific to the deleted cookies has also been retained in a flash cookie.
Because flash cookies are not stored on the user’s computer in the same way that regular cookies are stored, they are more difficult to identify and delete. Banks and financial sites use such cookies for this very reason. Because they are difficult to identify, these cookies are stored on users’ computers to allow users to authenticate and prevent fraud, as potential offenders may have a username and password to log in, but do not have access to the user’s computer. Thus, cookies act as a second level of authentication, in addition to username and password.
- First party cookies vs third party cookies
Each cookie has an “owner” – the website / Internet domain that places that cookie.
First party cookies are placed by the Internet domain/website accessed by the user (whose address appears in the browser’s address bar). For example, if the user visits www.xxx.ro, and the domain of the cookie placed on his computer is www.xxx.ro, then it is a first party cookie.
A third party cookie is placed by a different Internet domain/website than the one accessed by the user; this means that the accessed website also contains information from a third-party website – for example, an advertising banner that appears on the visited website. Thus, if the user visits www.xxx.ro but the cookie placed on his computer has as domain www.yyy.ro, then it is a third party cookie.
Article 29 Working Party (composed of the national data protection authorities of the Member States of the European Union) considers that, from a legal point of view, and in view of the European legislation, the notion of “third party cookie” refers to a cookie placed by a separate operator from the operator of the website visited by the user. Third party cookies are not strictly necessary for the user who accesses a website, as they are usually associated with a separate service from the one that has been explicitly “requested” by the user (by accessing the website).
3. COOKIE FILES WE USE
Required cookies: The required cookies help to use a website by activating basic functions such as page navigation and access to secure areas of the site. The site cannot function properly without these cookies.
Marketing cookies: Marketing cookies are used to track visitors to websites. The intent is to show relevant and interesting ads to each user and therefore more valuable to publishers and third-party advertisers.
Unclassified cookies: Unclassified cookies are cookies that we are in the process of being classified, together with the individual cookie providers.
4. ADVANTAGES OF COOKIE FILES
A cookie contains information that links a browser (user) to a specific web server (site). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly.
Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of websites to provide comfortable services to users. Examples – online privacy preferences, site language options or relevant advertising, etc.
5. LIFE OF A COOKIE
Cookies are administered by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (“session cookies”) and are not retained after the user leaves the site, and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that site (“permanent cookies ”).
However, cookies can be deleted by the user at any time via browser settings.
6. TYPE OF INFORMATION STORED AND ACCESSED THROUGH COOKIES
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances your browsing experience. Ex: settings regarding the language in which you want to access a site, keeping a user logged in to the member account or email account, online security, keeping and saving some settings, etc.
7. THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERNET COOKIES
Cookies are the central point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience, adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies may make some websites impossible to use.
Rejecting or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising, only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior. by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
Content and services tailored to the user’s preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
Offers tailored to users’ interests – password retention, language preferences (Ex: displaying search results in Romanian).
Retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
Limit the frequency of ad serving – Limit the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site.
Providing user-relevant advertising.
Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic to a site, what type of content is most viewed and how a user gets to the site (eg through search engines, directly from other websites) etc.). Websites conduct these analyzes of their use for the benefit of the user.
8. SECURITY AND CONFIDENTIALITY ISSUES
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use a plain text format. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed or run. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. As they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
However, cookies can be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and on multiple websites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion/scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
9. OTHER SECURITY ASPECTS RELATED TO COOKIES
Given that the protection of identity is very important and represents the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what are the possible problems that may arise in connection with cookies. As information between the browser and the website is constantly transmitted in both directions, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (ex: an unsecured Wi-Fi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on servers.
If a website does not require the browser to use encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very importantbe to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting your personal information.
10. IPS FOR SAFE AND RESPONSIBLE NAVIGATION
11. SOME TIPS THAT CAN ENSURE YOU TO NAVIGATE WITHOUT WORRY
Customize your browser settings for cookies to establish a comfortable level of security. If cookies do not bother you and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data.
If you share access to your computer, you may want to consider setting your browser to clear your individual browsing data each time you close your browser navigation.
Install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing sites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software.
Make sure your browser is always up to date. Most cookie-based attacks are exploited by the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest websites on the Internet, local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
12. MANAGEMENT, DEACTIVATION AND DELETION OF COOKIES
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain websites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive or view online advertising.
It is possible to set the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies only from a specific website. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “Options” or “Preferences” menu of your browser.
Detailed information on how to manage, disable and delete cookies using the settings of the browser used for browsing the Internet is available at the following addresses:
- for OPERA : https://help.opera.com/en/latest/web-preferences/#cookies
- for Google Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=ro
- Mozilla Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/ro/kb/cookie-urile
- for Internet Explorer 8: https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-8
- for Internet Explorer 9: https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-9
- for Internet Explorer 10: https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-10